Himachal Pradesh a Tourist Paradise...
Himachal Pradesh Area 55.675 Sq. KMS, capital Shimla population 66.79 Lacs, mix languages ( Hindi, Pahari, Punjabi, English) is located between J&K ,Harayana, Uttaranchal, Punjab, & Tibet boundries. Himachal Pradesh is well connected by rail, Air, & road. Popular mode of transport is by road. NH 21,NH 22& NH 20 are the main road lines . Two rail lines Kalka Shimla & Joginder Nagar Pathankot. Three main Airports Jubberhatti, near Shimla, Bhuntar near Kullu, Gaggal near Kangra. Himachal is a land of snow clad Mountains, lofty Peaks, Alpine meadows & fruit laden valleys makes it most scenic state of India. The Shivalik hills rise gently from Punjab, Haryana plains.
According to one version Shimla takes it name from 'Shyamla' meaning a blue female another name for Goddess Kali. The place was on the Jakhu Hillside, there was a temple of Goddess Kali. During the British period the image of the Goddess was shifted to a new place ,now famous Kali Bari Temple. Shimla remained unnoticed during the Gurkha War. It was only in 1819 A.D. that the then Assistant Political Agent of hill states Lt. Ross set up first British residence, a mere wood cottage. His successor Lt. Charles Patt Kennedy' erected the first Pucca house in 1822 named after Lt. Kennedy as 'Kennedy House'. The construction of Hindustan Tibet road was started in 1850-51 commencing from Kalka and first lap was Up to Shimla. The Road Up to Shimla came to be used for wheeled traffic by 1860. A 560 feet long tunnel was constructed beyond Sanjauli. In 1864 Shimla was declared as the summer capital of India. After Independence, Shimla became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh. In 1903 a rail line was constructed between Kalka and Shimla.
Shimla ( capital )
Shimla is surrounded by Seven Hills , These hills offer a wide variety of trails to visitors to explore. The seven Hills are Prospect Hill in western Shimla, which has the Kamna Devi temple. Summer Hill in western Shimla, where the campus of Himachal Pradesh University is located. Observatory Hill in western Shimla, where the Indian Institute of Advanced Study is found. Inverarm in western Shimla, where the State Museum is located. Bantony in central Shimla, which has the Grand Hotel.